Thegn

Originally meaning a servant, the term was applied from the late 9c to members of the AS aristocracy, whose *wergeld was 1,200s. In Latin texts they were called ministri, which carries the same connotations. The standing of a thegn depended on that of his lord: one who served the king was a king's thegn; one who served a lord other than the king (i.e. bishop, abbot, earl or greater thegn) was a median (i.e. middling) thegn. All were noble and outranked the *ceorl; distinctions between them were marked by the amount due as *heriot. Duties of the median thegn were set out in *Rectitudines Singularum Personarum: 'The law of the thegn is that he be entitled to his bookright, and that he shall contribute three things in respect of his land: armed service, and the repairing of fortresses and work on bridges [the *trimoda necessitas]. Also in respect of many estates, further service arises on the king's order such as service connected with the deer fence [*deorhege] at the king's residence, and equipping a guardship, and guarding the coast, and guarding the lord, and military watch, almsgiving and church dues, and many other things.' Such duties were owed by the king's thegn to the king himself. The latinised forms are tainus, teignus. [< OldEngl. degen = servant, follower] -

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • thegn — thegn; thegn·ly; thegn·dom; thegn·hood; thegn·land; thegn·ship; …   English syllables

  • Thegn — Thegn, n. Thane. See {Thane}. E. A. Freeman. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • thegn — (n.) military tenant of an Anglo Saxon king, a modern revival first attested 1848; see THANE (Cf. thane) …   Etymology dictionary

  • thegn — [thān] n. [OE] alt. sp. of THANE …   English World dictionary

  • thegn|ly — «THAYN lee», adjective, adverb. –adj. of or having to do with a thane. –adv. in a manner suitable for a thane …   Useful english dictionary

  • Thegn — A thegn or thane was an attendant, servant, retainer, or official in Early Medieval Scandinavian and Anglo Saxon culture. The word in Anglo Saxon is þeg(e)n , in Old High German degan , and in Old Norse þegn ( thane, franklin, freeman, man ). [… …   Wikipedia

  • Thegn —    Anglo Saxon term that evolved from the verb thegnian, to serve, thegn acquired a more precise definition from the age of Alfred the Great in the ninth century to the end of Anglo Saxon history in England with the Battle of Hastings in 1066. A… …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Thegn — Als Thane (Angelsächsisch;[1] german. thegn; mhd. degan; dt. Degen) bezeichnete man im Mittelalter den angelsächsischen Gefolgsmann.[2] Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Begriffswandel 2 Sonstiges …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thegn — Le thegn ou thane (chez William Shakespeare) était chez les Anglo Saxons un membre de l aristocratie. Ce terme signifiait à l origine « serviteur » et désignait les membres de la suite d un haut personnage. Le mot met l accent plus sur… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • thegn — noun Etymology: Old English more at thane Date: 1848 thane 1 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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